Abu huddles among the rocks on a 1,220-m granite table
mountain at the far southwestern end of the Aravalli hills.
The only hill station in Rajasthan. It is built around a lake
and is surrounded by forested hills. According to a legend,
the place derives its name from Arbuda, a serpent who
descended to the spot to rescue Shivas bull, Nandi. Besides
having all the features of a pleasant hill resort,
Mount Abu is also well known for the famous Dilwara temples
and many more archaeological remains. There are interesting
treks and picnic spots, romantic royal retreats of the various
erstwhile families of bygone Rajputana and some relics of the
Raj period. The scenic landscapes include gigantic blocks of
rocks in weird shapes, an array of coniferous trees, flowering
shrubs, lovely lakes and the cool climate much in contrast to
the arid environs of the state.
Dilwara Temples: This complex consisting of five marble
Jain temples and is one of the finest in Rajasthan, worth braving
the queues and ferocious guards. These beautifully carved
temples built between 11th & 13th century AD are sheer
elegance in marble, dedicated to the Jain Tirthankaras. The
Vimal Vasahi Temple is the oldest of these, dedicated to the
first Tirthankara. Built in 1031 AD (by Vimal Shah- a merchant
and representative of the Gujarat ruler), it is a superb
example of temple architecture.
Gaumukh Temple: Dedicated to Rama, this small temple
(the cows mouth) is centered on a spring gushing from the mouth
of a marble cow. In the Hindu creation myth, the world is
formed by a cow, licking salt; the source of the Ganges has
the same name. This is said to be the site of the ancient 'agnikund'
fire rituals. It is 4 kms south of Mount Abu. Open, free
access, down 700 very steep steps.
Nakki Talav: This holiday centre of Mount Abu, is
virtually in the heart of the town. This sparkling blue
artificial lake is said to have been gauged from the earth by
the gods, using their fingernails ('nakh' means nail). Nearby
is the 14th century Raghunath Temple.On the western edge of
the town centre, Nakki Lake Road circles the entire lake.
Rowing boats are available for hire from the jetty by Gandhi
View Points: Several points around the edge of the
plateau offer spectacular views across the plains. The best
are Honeymoon Point (Anadra Point) and Sunset Point, where
hundred of people gather to watch the sunset every evening in
a carnival atmosphere of pony rides and souvenir sellers.
Baylays Walk is a pleasant 5 km route from Nakki Lake to
Sunset Point, Honeymoon Point 2.5 kms northwest on Ganesh
Road, Sunset Point 2 kms southwest on Sunset Point Road. Open,
Achalgarh (8-km): An impressive fort with some
beautiful Jain temples enclosed within. Among the noteworthy
temples are Achaleswar Mahadev temple (1412 AD) and Kantinath
Jain temple (1513 AD). The latter has a gold plated image. The
fort was built in the 14th century AD by Rana Kumbha and is
approachable by a motor able road.
Adhar Devi Temple (2-km North
of Town): This ancient
temple dedicated to the serpent goddess, Arbuda, is carved out
of a huge rock. Arbuda is the patron of the town, who formed
the mountain in order to save the sacred cow, Nandi from
drowning in an abyss. The black-painted marble idol, riding a
solid gold tiger, is claimed to be about 5,000 years old. Open
and free access during daylight hours.
Trevors Tank (5-km): Named after the British engineer,
who constructed it, Trevors tank is a delight for birdwatchers
with densely wooded hills that are a haven to pigeons,
peacocks and partridges.
water supply for Achalgarh fort and a sculpture of Parmar
Daravarsh are situated close to the Achaleswar Mahadev temple.
Guru Shikhar (15-km): The highest peak on the Mount Abu
(1722 m above the sea level) allows a birds eye view of the
idyllic surroundings of Mt. Abu. A small shaivite shrine and a
temple of Dattatreya standing on the Shikhar are worth a
TO GET THERE
airport to Mount Abu is Maharana Pratap Udaipur Airport, Dabok
(Udaipur) 207-km. One can hire a taxi to get to Mount Abu.
Rail:The nearest railway station is Abu Road (29-km)
situated on Mumbai-Ahmedabad-Ajmer-Jaipur-Delhi route. From
Abu Road one can take a taxi, jeep or bus to Mount Abu.
Road: Ahmedabad is 222-km via Palampur. Jodhpur is
235-km via Sirohi and Pali. Udaipur is 156-km via Pidwara.
(Journey on this route is advisable only during the day).
Jaipur is 509-km via Pali-Ajmer. It is connected to all the
major towns in northern and western India.
Local Transport: Unmetered taxis are available for
local transportation within the city.
are many budget hotels to suit every pocket including paying
guesthouse the list of which can be obtained from the tourist
reception centre Mt. Abu, opposite the bus stand.
in marble, sandalwood and sandstone can be bought from the
shops around Nakki Lake. Kota saris, bangles and linen with
Sanganeri prints are also available. For Rajasthani
Handicrafts there is Rajasthali, Rajasthan Government
Handicrafts Emporium and Khadi Bhandar.
Festival: Summer festival (1st-3rd June).
Location: 156-km From Udaipur, Rajasthan.
Tourist Attractions: Dilwara Temples,
Best Time To Visit: April to June And
October to November.