Main Groups: Western, Eastern, Southern.
Main Temples:Lakshmana Temple, Kandariya
Other Temples: Chausath Yogini Temple, Varaha
temples at Khajuraho are divided into three broad groups:
1. The Western Group, which is the largest, compact and
centrally located group in Khajuraho, includes some of the
most prominent monuments, built by the Chandela rulers.
2. The Eastern Group, which comprises of five detached
sub-groups in and around the present village of Khajuraho, and
3. The Southern Group, which is the most distant one
comprising of two main monuments near and across the
The Western Group of Temples
The western group of temples, which the visitor encounters
first, is situated along the main approach road to Khajuraho.
This is the largest and most important group with most of its
constituent temples laid out roughly in two rows. The
Lakshmana Temple, the Matangesvara Temple and the Varaha
Temple form one complex and the Visvanatha and Nandi temples
are not far from this complex. These temples form an irregular
row running north-south, while the Chitragupta, Jagadambi and
the Kandariya Mahadeva temples form a more regular, parallel
row, about a furlong to their west.
The western group of monuments is best maintained by the
Archaeological Survey of India amidst a setting of green
lawns, colourful shrubs and flowerbeds. Admission to its
enclosure is regulated by a ticket of small denomination,
valid from sunrise to sunset. The monuments of the group face
east and are arranged in two rough alignments, running north
The Eastern Group of Temples
The eastern group of monuments, situated in close proximity to
the Khajuraho village, includes three Brahmanical temples
known as Brahma, Vamana and Javari and three Jain temples, the
Ghantai, Adinath and Parsvanath. The Brahmanical temples are
located along or near the Khajuraho-Sagar, while the Jain
temples are situated farther south and are conveniently
approached by a metalled road.
Southern Group of Temples
The southern group of monuments comprises the Duladeo and the
Chaturbhuja temples. The Duladeo is about a kilometer south of
the Khajuraho village and half a mile southwest of the Jain
group of temples. The Chaturbhuja Temple is a mile further
south and is close to the Khajuraho airport.
PRIME TEMPLES AT KHAJURAO
(Built in circa AD 900-925, during the reign of Harshadeva)
This small rectangular temple, built on a rock foundation,
faces the southeastern portion of the Lakshmana Temple.
Dedicated to Lord Vishnu, the temple has a 'phamsana'
(pyramidal) roof of receding tiers, supported on twelve
pillars, there being a short frontal projection, supported on
two other pillars, which serves as the entrance.
The shrine is devoid of 'jagati' (platform) and stands on a 10
feet high plain plinth of which the lower half is made of
granite ashlars and the upper half of sandstone. It is
approached by a flight of steps of which the three upper
courses are of sandstone, and the remaining of granite. It is
a simple rectangular pavilion with a projection in the west;
the whole enclosed by a plain parapet originally mounted by an
ornate balustrade. The 'asanapatta' (seat-slab) of the parapet
supports the fourteen pillars. The shafts of the pillars are
octagonal below, sixteen-sided in the middle and circular
above, carrying a plain circular capital, surmounted by plain
brackets of the curved profile with a vaulted top of the type
found in the subsidiary shrines of the Lakshmana Temple.