city was founded in 1486 AD by the Rathore prince, Rao Bikaji,
hence named Bikaner. Bikaji was son of Rao Jodhaji who had
asked his son to establish a kingdom of his own. The challenge
was accepted and Bikaji choose the wild country 'Jangaldesh'
as his territory and thus the city of Bikaner came into
A seven-kilometres wall with five entrances was built to protect
the city from vagaries of the desert and any external
aggression. The city flourished as an important trade centre
between Gujarat seaports and West Asian countries. The unbroken
line of descendants of Bikaji ruled Bikaner till India got
Independence. Bikaner is known for good breed of riding camels,
which are among the best in the world. The Camel Festival held
every year is famous all over the globe. Bikaner has many
magnificent buildings made of Reddish Pink sandstone that
transcends the surrounding barren wilderness. Unlike other
cities of Rajasthan, Bikaner has been able to preserve its medieval era, which makes a visitor come
here year after year.
Fort: One of the most imposing
forts of northern India-- Junagarh Fort-- has remained
unconquered till date. This fort was built in 15th century by
one of the most able and trusted generals of Akbar, Raja Rai
The Ganga Golden Jubilee Museum: This small museum has a
large collection of pre-Harappan, Gupta and Kushan pottery. The
rich collection of pottery, carpets, paintings, armoury and
coins make this museum one of the best in Rajasthan. The
Bikaneri miniatures, which are displayed in a separate section
for local arts, makes visit to the museum a must.
Designed by a Britisher for Maharaja Ganga Singh, this palace
displays a magnificent blend of Oriental and European
Bhandeshwar & Sandeshwar Temples: 5 kms from the
city, these temples are the oldest surviving monuments of
aesthetic heritage. These were built by two brothers and the
temples carry their names. The mirror work and the gold leaf
paintings in the temple are noteworthy. The temples are
dedicated to 23rd Jain teerthankar, Parsvanathji.
Gajner Wildlife Sanctuary: 32 kms on the Jaisalmer Road
is located the Gajner Wildlife Sanctuary.
Wooded hills and lakes surround the lush green forest. One can
easily spot a Blue Bull, Chinkara, Black Buck or flocks of Sand
Grouse and Wild Boar living in the sanctuary.
Kalibanga: Kalibanga is one of the major archaeology sites of the Harappan
civilization. This place houses immense treasure of our
past and is of particular interest to archaeology enthusiasts.
Kolayat: 54-km from Bikaner, it is a picnic spot.
Camel Breeding Farms: Take a ride on one or watch the
calves gambolling, or submit to a Raika or a Rebari from
traditional camel breeder, over a cup of camel's milk at the
camel breeding farms just 8 kms away from the city. This
farm is the only of its kind in Asia.
Devi Kund: This is the royal crematorium with a number of
cenotaphs. The 'chhatri' of Maharaja Surat Singh is most
imposing. One cannot miss the spectacular Rajput paintings on
the ceilings. 8 kms from Bikaner.
TO GET THERE
The nearest airport is Jodhpur
Rail: The Indian Railways connects Bikaner with cities
like Delhi, Calcutta, Agra, Jaipur, Allahabad etc. The gorgeous
'Palace on wheels' also covers Bikaner in its eight-day tour of
Road: Though the unfriendly desert sands surround Bikaner
but the city is well connected by roads. There are local and
inter-state bus services for Bikaner.
is counted among one of the major cities of the Rajasthan state
and is well equipped with varied hotel options, which include
and budget hotels as well as
Festival: In the festival, one
can see the 'Ship of the Desert' at its sporting best. The
festival is held in January every year.
Karni Mata Fair: Held twice in a year--April/ May and
October/ November-- the fair is celebrated on the ninth day of
the Navratri. Devotees throng the temple to worship Goddess
Durga and her incarnations on this day.
stroll down the King Edward Memorial road and inside Kote Gate
will reveal the shopping pleasure in Bikaner. The purses,
slippers made from the camel are worth a bargain. The camel
skin also ends up as cushions and lacquered lampshades. The
local carpets and the woodwork are very popular among the
tourists. And who can forget the world famous Bikaneri Bhujias
and sweets. Wide range of accommodation facilities are available
to meet the requirements of tourists.The
government approved Paying Guest system is very popular among
has got extreme desert type of climate with high temperature
difference and low rainfall. The best season to visit Bikaner
between October and March.
About 4 lakhs
people reside in this historic city.
Main Languages: Rajasthani, Hindi & English.
Founded By: Rao Bikaji.
Tourist Attractions: Junagarh Fort,
Best Time To Visit: October To March.