is a blend of Sufi culture and Hindu religion. Ajmer has always
been a coveted and strategic place for the Rajputs, the Mughals
and the Marathas. Ajmer was the seat of administration for the
Chauhans till Prithviraj was defeated in 1193 AD by Mohammad
Ghauri. It then became a part of the Delhi Sultanate.
However, Rana Kumbha of Mewar and Raja Maldeo again established
Rajput rule over Ajmer. The Dargah of Khwaja
Muin-ud-din Chishti is held on a grand scale and attracts pilgrims
from all over the world irrespective of their caste and
Dargah - At the foot of a barren hill, is situated India's
most important pilgrimage centre for people from all faiths. It
is the splendid tomb of the Sufi saint Khawaja Muin-ud-din Chisti
more popularly known as Khawaja Sahib or Khawaja Sharif. The
shrine is next only to Mecca or Median for the Muslims of South
Asia. Emperor Akbar used to make a pilgrimage to this Dargah
from Agra once a year.
Adhai-Din-Ka Jhonpara - One of the finest examples of
Indo-Islamic architecture, this mosque was a Sanskrit college in
the 12th century. In 1193 AD Mohammad Ghauri destroyed the
college and a mosque was built in its place. The mosque is built
on pillars and surprisingly no two pillars are alike. The
archways are finely engraved with Kufi and Jughra inscriptions
from the Holy Quran (also spelt as Koran).
Nasiyan (Jain Temple) - This red coloured Jain temple was
built in the late 19th century. The wooden gilt in the double
storeyed hall depicts scenes from the Jain mythology. The beauty
of this temple is widely acclaimed.
Govt. Museum - The Royal palace of Akbar was converted
into a museum and today it houses a rich collection of Mughal
and Rajput armoury. Some of the fine and delicate sculptures of
the region have been displayed here. The building itself has
been constructed of red sandstone, which have been laid down in
a square pattern giving it a fabulous look.
Ana Sagar Lake - This lake was built by Anaji during
1135-1150 AD. Later the Mughal Emperors made additional
constructions to beautify the lake. The 'Baradari', a marble
pavilion was built by Shah Jahan and the Daulat Bagh Gardens
were laid by Jahangir. This lake is located towards the north of
Taragarh Fort - Built in the 7th century by Ajaipal
Chauhan, the fort gives a bird's eye view of the city. Taragarh
Fort or the 'Star fort' is situated on a hill and to reach
there, one has to take winding bridle path.
Mayo College - One of the India's best public schools,
located in the south-east of the Ana Sagar, has now been
converted to the Circuit House. The lake and the cenotaph and
the shrine of the Hindu reformer Swami Dayanand, founder of the
"Arya Samaj Movement" in India, can be viewed from
Pushkar - The sister city of Ajmer, Pushkar is just 11-km
away from the city. The road to Pushkar passes through the Nag
Pahar or the Snake Mountain.
Pushkar is an ancient city and has seen history being made since
the Ramayana period. The account of this city can be found in
the 4th century writings of the Chinese traveller-Fa-Hien and
also in the scripts written during the era of Muslim invasions.
The city is considered by Hindus to be one of the most sacred
places in India and has, perhaps, the only existing temple in
Asia, dedicated to Lord Brahma. Life in the city is very much
related to the Pushkar Lake. Mythology says that this ancient
lake was formed when a lotus flower fell in the valley, from the
The 52 bathing ghats that surround the lake are believed to have
special powers e.g. 'Naga Kund' for fertility, 'Roop Tirth' for
beauty and 'Kapil Vyapi Kund' for curing Leprosy.
The famous Pushkar fair is held every year on the Kartik Purnima
day. This fair is famous as a bazaar for the animals
particularly the camels. But the folk dancers and the folk
musicians add traditional colour in the fair, which gives a new
leash of life to the town.
Mangliyawas - This town is famous for two 800 years old
trees of a rare species- ADANSONIA DIGITATA LINN- popularly
known as 'Kalpa-Vriksha'. People visit this place throughout
the year but on dark moon day of 'Sravana' (also spelt as
Shravana) thousands of people come to worship the trees. The
town is 26-km from Ajmer.
Beawar - This town is located 54-km from Ajmer and is
famous for the Badshahi procession festival held on the next day
of Holi. On this occasion, people participate in large numbers
and throw 'Gulal' on each other.
Foy Sagar - This artificial lake was built during a
famine relief programme. Named after the engineer responsible
for its construction, the picturesque lake is 5-km from Ajmer.
Kishan Garh - On the road to Jaipur, 27-km from Ajmer is
located this medieval treasure house of art. This place had one
of the finest schools for miniature paintings during 18th
century. This town of artists is also famous for Gundelao Lake,
Phool Mahal Palace, Temple of Sri Kalyan Raiji and the Majhala
TO GET THERE
The nearest airport is that of
Rail: The city is well connected by trains with all the
major places in India.
Road: The state transport has its bus services from all
over Rajasthan and also from Delhi. However, during the Urs,
large number of people arriving in Ajmer, it is advisable to
plan your trip in advance during this time.
Local Transport: City bus service operate in the city and
to Pushkar. Unmetered taxis, auto-rickshaws, tongas, and
cycle-rickshaws are also available for commutation.
FAIRS & FESTIVALS
The annual Urs and Pushkar fair.
Ajmer presents items, which carry the Rajasthani fervour and
reflect ancient mood of the area. One can purchase here amazing
old silver jewellery with designs of a totally different era.
The annual Urs gives an opportunity to bargain some of the
intriguing and colourful items of the region.
Banks/Money Changers: - Bank of Baroda, Prithviraj Marg
- Bank of Bikaner & Jaipur, Station Road
- Bank of India, Kaisarganj
- Bank of Rajasthan, Mayo College
- Central Bank of India, Punjab National Bank, Prithviraj Marg
- State Bank of India, near Collectorate
Also,authorized money changers are available in the leading
Hospitals: J.L. Nehru Hospital.
Club: Ajmer Club.
Guide Service: Approved guides may be hired through the
Asstt. Director, Tourist Reception Centre.
Temperatures are very high during summers and very low
during winters. Ajmer has a typical desert type of climate. The
best season to visit this place is between October and March.
WORD OF CAUTION
Beware of touts and make sure that you are not lost among
the innumerable palaces in the forts and the colourful
Around four lakhs
Altitude: 486 meters
Climate: Summer: Max. - 38.1C Min. - 27.7C
Winter: Max. - 23.3 C Min. - 05.5C
Rainfall: 38 to 51 cms.
Clothing: Summer - Light Tropical Winter: Woolen.
Languages: Rajasthani, Hindi, Urdu, English, Sindhi.
Tourist Attractions: Ajmer-e-Sharif
Dargah, Adhai-Din-Ka Jhonpara.
Festive Attractions: Urs Fair, Pushkar
Best Time To Visit: October To March.